Freshwater has always been a limited resource in some parts of the world. Today, however, growing worldwide demand has made this a global problem. What are the causes of the increased demand, and what measure could governments and individuals take to respond to this problem?
1. What are the causes and solutions of the problem of the scarcity of water resources? You should use your own ideas, knowledge, and experience and support your arguments with examples and relevant evidence.
2. Some people think they have the right to use as much fresh water as they want, while others believe governments should tightly control the use of freshwater as it is a limited resource. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
It is undeniable that water scarcity is becoming a global problem. Population growth is the main reason for this alarming trend, but some measures could be taken to tackle this predicament.
On the one hand, the growing population's pressure on water resources could lead to a shortage of them. An increasing number of populations lead to increased water demand in three sectors: Agriculture, Industry, and households. From an agricultural perspective, irrigation consumes a large amount of water. Also, the Agricultural industry could pollute the rest of the water with chemical compounds used in farming, like pesticides. Moreover, the industries and factories use a tremendous amount of water in their process. For instance, some research revealed that the meat processing industry could be the leading cause of water shortage in some UK regions. Finally, water used for household purposes could be another consequence of population growth and could ultimately lead to water demand.
There are two main solutions to solve the problems described above. One solution is that water recycling could play an essential role in water conservation. Governments should build new water pipes systems for recycling and should encourage people to use recycled water. Another solution is to remove salts from seawater to enable people to use them. This process is called desalination. It is now used in many countries like the USA and achieved its goal. Simultaneously, through charity ads from the government, individuals should also be aware of the seriousness of this issue to stop their wrong behaviors of wasting and polluting water resources.
In conclusion, water demand is a global problem caused mainly by the growth of population numbers and governments, and people should be cooperated to solve this issue.