A recent survey shows that in many countries across the world people are generally living longer. But an increased life expectancy has many implications for the aging individuals and for the society as a whole. What are the possible effects of a longer life expectancy on individuals and the society?
这个题目的核心词是implications，这个词普遍认知是含义和暗指，但在本题中根据柯林斯字典应该理解为后果、结果。 （柯林斯字典例句：The implications of something are the things that are likely to happen as a result. 可能的结果）这样的用词给今天的考生带来了理解的难度。
Aging Population Problems:
- The effects of people living longer have both social and economic impacts.
- Extended families are having to combine households to accommodate aging parents.
- Not all families can afford to provide for their elderly loved ones. They’re strained financially and emotionally.
- As the aging population increases, the more demand there is for healthcare. Older people are more likely to need frequent medical treatment.
- Older people are less able to perform physically-demanding jobs or to work full-time. This could have a devastating impact on job markets.
- Many older people don’t have enough money to live for a longer period of time on retirement incomes. They are likely to run out of money just as they need more care.
- There are also concerns about the legal and social rights of the elderly as their numbers increase. There is the potential for some populations to treat their elderly members unfairly or with less dignity than they deserve.
- The extension of life expectancy motivates social progress as it shows that a country has established a strong medical care system to protect citizens from life-threatening illnesses.
- Ageing population is dragging a country s economy, as the soaring number of senior citizens requires more social resources. For example, they do not create social wealth but bring challenges to national Medicare system.
Average life expectancy has indeed increased significantly because of the advances made in the field of medical science. In my opinion, this is generally a positive development for certain groups of people; however, it also means that more resources are required to take care of the elderly.
Longer life expectancy can be damaging to society and families to a certain degree. This is because longer life expectancy does not necessarily mean that a person will remain healthy throughout their life. Older people need medical, and nursing care more frequently. They have a greater number of sick days per year, which means societies need more doctors, nursing staff, healthcare facilities, and home care facilities to care for their aging population. When it comes to an individual family, even if old people are still fit, they may not look after themselves. They may have to live with their children or be cared for in a home, which can be expensive. Elderly people do not like to be a burden, but their children can feel obliged to care for them.
Despite the above disadvantages of living longer, increasing life expectancy also has many advantages to individuals, their families, and the government. Firstly, not all old people become ill. Those who remain healthy can enjoy a happy old age as long as they have saved enough money. Such people can live longer with their family to enjoy the family's warmth and have time to enjoy their retirement to do a range of activities that they could not do when they were at work, like traveling to various places. They can also help look after their grandchildren, which is a great benefit for working parents. Their consumption can contribute more to society as well.
In conclusion, while increased lifespan has brought about many problems, in my view, the advantages of this development cannot be ignored.